When To Use What Flies

Rainy Days

Leave your dry fly box in your vest of pack.  Rainy days call for underwater flies of all
kinds. Nymphs, egg patterns or streamers work best. If you’re fishing a stream
and the color of the water is still fish-able (somewhat colored but not totally
brown) look for deeper holes or pools with slower moving water. Use a strike
indicator when using nymphs or egg patterns. Another pattern that often works
well in higher and colored water is a wet fly known as a Green Weenie. It’s tied to look like an inch worm with a bead head and fished with weights to make it cruise along the bottom.

Windy Days

When the wind is making it difficult to cast, try using streamers. With their added weight and employing additional thrust in your forward cast you can compensate for the wind. What’s more, since streamers imitate minnows, you won’t have to worry about splashing down when the fly hits the water. It can act like a struggling bait and actually attract a fish.

Also, wind will have little effect when fishing with nymphs and egg patterns, since you won’t have to be as concerned about the delivery as you do when using dry flies.

One tip about casting against the wind, use more sidearm to keep your fly line low and less susceptible to wind forces.

Nice Calm Days

Check the water for evidence of rising fish. When fish are
rising, you will be able to see rings on the water and an occasional splash.
Try to determine what insect the fish are eating and match it with a dry fly
from your box. If you happen to be fortunate enough to be on the stream when a
hatch of insects is occurring, break out the closest fly to the one on the
stream get ready for a truly great experience. Just float your fly in the midst
of the hatch and hope you can tell when a fish picks your offering. When in
doubt set the hook. There is a hatch of tiny insects in my state called Tricos.
They’re about the size of a gnat, but when they hatch a size 20 or 22 Trico fly
will provide an unforgettable experience.

Fishing Warm Water Lakes for Panfish or Bass

In my page on flies I talked about the poppers that are most
effective for Panfish. Now let’s investigate flies that work for other species
found in lakes and ponds. You will usually find Largemouth Bass in such waters.
While they will often feed off the surface for large insects, mice and even
baby ducks, and can be enticed to hit noisy floating imitations, you will also have  success with streamers that imitate minnows, their main diet. I like olive and white Woolly Buggers with some flash in their bodies and tails. Catching a good sized Bass on a fly rod is a lot of fun. Fishing for them that way is becoming more popular every day.

Other Fish That Will Take a Fly

I won’t attempt to discuss all the fish that are sought after by fishermen and fisherwomen
with a fly rod in this website, except to say that the list is long. You might be surprised at some of the species. The more common game fish are Bonefish, Permit, Tarpon, and Snook in salt water, and Smallmouth Bass, Walleyes, and Northern Pike in inland streams, rivers, and lakes. There are also people who specialize in fishing for Muskies in inland rivers and lakes, and even Sharks in the ocean.
Where you will be doing most of your fishing will determine which species you will want to gear-up and fish for. Suffice it to say, there are many species that will take a fly and many places to read and watch videos about them.
















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